What is a traumatic brain injury? A traumatic brain injury, otherwise known as TBI, can involve a broad spectrum of symptoms resulting in disability and as a result is a very complex injury. The impact on an individual and the secondary impact on one’s family can be devastating. TBI results from a specific event that results in injury to the brain and can impact all aspects of one’s life including personality. It is not the same as a broken limb as often times broken limbs can heal. Often times mental injuries never heal.
Interestingly enough no two brain injuries are the same even if they are to the same area of the brain. Some people have symptoms appear right away and others appear days or weeks after the injury. One of the unique aspects of a brain injury is the fact that often times the injured party does not know a brain injury has occurred. There are many symptoms that one can have from a TBI. TBI is best divided into two categories; a mild traumatic brain injury and a severe traumatic brain injury. It is not at all unusual for an MRI or cat scan to be normal although the person suffering from the mild or severe TBI has cognitive problems such as headaches, memory loss, attention deficits, mood swings and frustration.
A severe brain injury is associated with loss of consciousness for more than 30 minutes and often times entails memory loss longer than 24 hours. Often times survivors of severe TBI have a malfunction in their limbs, speech issues and severe emotional problems. The range of difficulties one has varies significantly depending on the individual.
Diagnosis is sometimes difficult with the TBI – often times the diagnosis is evident based upon the type of injury suffered. Mild TBI cannot be diagnosed until the individual suffering from such a condition is in a social situation after recovery from an accident, or is faced with problem solving. For proper diagnosis it is necessary to have a neurological examination, cat scan, MRI or brain scan, cognitive evaluation of a neuro-psychologist and neuro-psychological testing and it is also important to have an attorney represent the individual that is experienced in TBI. Newland & Newland, LLP has attorneys with experience that can help you or a loved one who is suffering from a traumatic brain injury.